14.1.15

Konversi Musnah Sampah dengan Metoda BiophoskkoGas (Biogas, Pirolisis, Komposter, Gasifier)

Pemusnah Sampah Kering Menjadi Energi Panas
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Jangan habiskan BBM untuk sampah, mari habiskan sampah untuk energi. Merobah beban biaya menjadi pendapatan adalah, ikhtiar profesional Cipta Visi Sinar Kencana (CVSK) sejak 1994.

Dimulai dengan mempadukan aneka unsur hara jadi pupuk tablet dan mengikhtiarkan sampah organik dlm Komposter BioPhoskko bagi efisiensi Pupuk dan Pemupukan tanaman, dilanjutkan dengan mengenalkan teknologi konversi sampah organik menjadi energi Biogas, Bio Elektrik dan Pupuk dengan PLTBM - Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Biomassa.

Kini, giliran sampah anorganik ( plastik, sampah kering kayu, kain dan sejenisnya), dengan teknik gasifikasi dan pirolisis dijadikan energi kalor (panas) dan minyak bakar. Dengan metoda Biogas- Komposter- Pirolisis- Gasifikasi (BiophoskkoGas), konversi musnah semua jenis sampah dpt dilakukan mulai dari skala kecil di sumber timbulnya hingga skala besar di TPA.

Inilah profil singkat perusahaan penyedia teknologi (technology provider), yang aneka inovasinya dapat dilihat dengan klik http://www.kencanaonline.com/ Semoga memberi inspirasi banyak orang bahwa memulai bisnis itu bisa dari posisi 0 (NOL)

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Menjadikan pertanian (dalam arti luas) sebagai lapangan usaha, khususnya pada pengembangan teknologi pupuk dan pemupukan, sejak tahun 1994, PT. Cipta Visi Sinar Kencana bergiat dalam memperkenalkan teknologi pemupukan dan pupuk majemuk tablet Gramalet®. Teknologi pentabletan dan pencampuran (granulasi majemuk) ini berguna dalam mendukung program pupuk pemupukan spesifik lokal atau pemupukan yang didasarkan atas kondisi kesuburan lahan secara spesifik. Dan, guna melayani aneka kondisi kemampuan petani dan pekebun, setelah sukses dengan pupuk tablet komposisi atau formula fleksibel Gramalet®, sejak tahun 2003 mengembangkan pula pupuk majemuk tablet dengan formula spesifik per tanaman (Gramafix®).

Menyadari bahwa di masa depan, pupuk kimia (anorganik) - sebagai bahan alam tidak terbarukan (unrenewable) akan makin berkurang ketersediaannya, serta, dilain pihak, terdapat kesadaran akan pentingnya pangan alami (organik) - sejak 2004, PT. Cipta Visi Sinar Kencana mengembangkan teknologi alat pembuatan pengolahan sampah dan limbah organik menjadi kompos. S
ampah organik merupakan sumberdaya yang seharusnya kembali dimaanfaatkan pertanian sebagai kompos/pupuk organik atau sumber energi. Berbagai kapasitas alat mesin pengolahan sampah dan limbah ini meliputi komposter manual (type S, M, L), komposter elektrik skalarumah tangga (KE 100L), alat mesin pencacah organik serta komposter kapasitasbesar dalam bentuk Rotary Kiln.

Dalam katagori organik (kompos) ini PT. Cipta Visi Sinar Kencana berhasil merekayasa dan mengisolasi mikroba pengurai (probiotik) sampah dan limbah organik dan aneka mineral bagi berlangsungnya pengomposan modern, higienis dan cepat. Mikroba pengurai ini adalah aktivator kompos Green Phoskko®(GP-1) dan mineral penggembur (bulking agent) Green Phoskko® (GP-2). Sementara itu bagi berlangsungnya dekomposisi secara efektif dan efisien dibanding cara tradisional (bedeng atau open windrows), dikembangkan pula alat (komposter) Biophosko® skala rumah tangga, skala lingkungan dan Rotary Kiln skala bisnis komersial. Komposter ini sangat bermanfaat bagi pehobies taman dan pengelola pertamanan dalam membuat kompos dengan memanfaatkan bahan baku berasal dari sampah rumah tangga atau, bagi pengusaha mendapatkan bisnis - yang cepat menghasilkan dari mengelola sampah di kawasan komersial (perumahan, pabrik, pasar, mall, foodcourt, peternakan dan lingkungan apartemen) maupun kawasan sosial (sekolah dan perguruan tinggi, rumah sakit, tempat ibadah, dll).


Bahkan, bagi kota- kota yang mengalami masalah dengan Tempat Pembuangan Akhir Sampah (TPAS), Biophoskko® akan mengurangi sampah secara tuntas sejak sumber atau lokasi sampah dihasilkan. Bagi kepentingan skala besar ini, tersedia alat mesin Rotary Klin pada pilihan kapasitas 1 m3(1/3 Ton)/unit/ 5 hari , 3 m3 setara 1 ton/ unit/ 5 hari sampai 6 m3 (2 Ton) /unit mesin/ 5 hari.
Menyadari bahwa Indonesia memiliki biomassa dan sampah organik yang sangat besar, sejak tahun 2010 PT. Cipta Visi Sinar Kencana melakukan perintisan pembangkitan energi listrik dari bahan baku biomassa (termasuk sampah organik) tersebut. Penemuan instalasi mini Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Biomassa (PLTBM) adalah teknologi bagi pemanfaatan biomassa dan sampah organik agar lebih besar lagi memberi manfaat kepada masyarakat.

Instalasi Mini Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Biomassa (PLTBM) terdiri dari digester, pemurnian biogas (methane purifier), gas holder, generator (genset biogas, bakteri aktivator metanogen GP-7, perlengkapan instalasi (kompresor mini, slang, valve, kompor) serta penyimpan daya listrik dalam rangkaian inverter, accu dan charger.

Instalasi pembangkitan listrik melalui generator set (genset) bahan bakar biogas ini dilengkapi dengan rangkaian seri penyimpan daya  kemudian sistim pengisian (charger regulator) dan konversi daya ke listrik dari battery ke arus (AC 220 Volt) melalui inverter 1 KW. Dengan kelengkapan itu, setiap keadaan generator set hidup (ON), disamping memberikan arus listrik kepada lampu dan perkakas juga sekaligus melakukan pengisian battery. Dan, ketika genset mati (OFF), Instalasi PLTBM dapat terus memberikan daya listrik tanpa terputus.

Instalasi Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Biomassa (PLTBM) efektif untuk dikoneksi (hybrid) kepada sistim pembangkitan tenaga surya (PLTS) yang telah berdiri namun seringkali kekurangan sumber daya listrik karena terbatasnya intensitas matahari.

Tidak sampai disitu, PT. Cipta Visi Sinar Kencana menyadari bahwa dengan hanya mengolah sampah kategori organik tidak menyelesaikan masalah yang timbul. Oleh karena itu, kemudian PT. Cipta Visi Sinar Kencana mengenali sampah domestik dapat dikategorikan menjadi 5 jenis yang masing-masing dari jenis sampah tersebut dapat dimanfaatkan. 

1.    Jenis yang pertama yaitu sampah organik dan juga cairan sampah (lindi) yang dapat diolah menjadi pupuk organik dan juga energi biogas melalui proses dekomposisi dengan komposter atau melalui proses fermentasi dengan digester. 

2.    Jenis yang kedua yaitu sampah plastik bernilai tinggi (PE, PET) yang merupakan tradable goods  sehingga memiliki nilai ekonomis seperti botol kemasan air mineral dan sejenisnya oleh mesin pencacah (engineberbahan bakar biogas) dijadikan bijih bahan baku industri plastik

3.    Untuk jenis sampah yang ketiga yaitu aneka sampah plastik campuran (kemasan mie instan, kemasan kopi, kresek, styrofoam, pampers, dan sejenisnya) dipanaskan 100 - 800 derajat Celcius, dalam reaktor pirolisis (kedapudara), menjadi minyak bakar kualitas rendah (heavy oil)

4.    Jenis keempat yaitu sampah kering lainnya yang diolah dalam Gasifier guna menjadi energi kalor bagi proses Pirolisismaupun penggunaan energi kalor lainnya antara lain proses pengolahan sampah hewani menjadi pakan ternak dengan oven

5.    Jenis sampah yang terakhir yaitu limbah sisa makanan hewani (tulang ayam, duri ikan dan daging) dijadikan tambahan pakan lele yang dibudidayakan dalam lumpur digester biogas. Pemanfaatan sisa makanan ini didasari oleh kesadaran bahwa penumpukan sampah hewani dapat meningkatkan populasi hama tikus yang merugikan pertanian juga sanitasi perkotaan. Sampah hewani tersebut dimanfaatkan sebagai pakan lele sehingga dapat bermanfaat bagiindustri perikanan khususnya budidaya lele.


Pengolahan semua jenis sampah ini dirangkai dalam metode Biogas-Pirolisis-Komposter- Gasifikasi (Biophoskko_Gas®) guna menjamin berjalannya pemusnahan sampah secara konversi jadi energi untuk mendukung sukses Sistem Pengolahan Sampah 3R (Reduce Reuse Recycle).

Distribusi aneka produk meliputi pupuk formulasi Gramalet®, Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Biomassa (PLTBM), instalasiBiogas-BioElektrik dan alat pengolah sampah Biogas-Pirolisis-Komposter-Gasifikasi (Biophoskko_Gas®), saat ini telah meluas ke hampir seluruh Provinsi di Indonesia. Terlebih dengan berhasilnya pembangunan (development) website bagi layanan penjualan secara online (http://www.kencanaonline.com), produk PT. Cipta Visi Sinar Kencana makin meluas segmen pemasarannya hingga ke Malaysia, Timor Leste, dan New Zealand.

Metode Biogas-Pirolisis-Komposter- Gasifikasi
(Biophoskko_Gas®) telah teruji aman bagi lingkungan dan telah diaplikasikan di banyak lokasi seperti TPS Lanud Halim Perdanakusuma, TPS Taman Ismail Marzuki (TIM), Perumahan Citra Raya Cikupa Tangerang PT CIPUTRA RESIDENCE, PT Pertamina (Persero), PT PLN (Persero), PT Holcim, PT Medco Energi Internasional Tbk, Bintaro Plaza Mall, Pakar Go Green Sdn Bhd. (Malaysia), MidValley MegaMall (Kuala Lumpur), dll (*)

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